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Rural Pension, Income Inequality and Family Transfer in China

Content elderly couple enjoying life

Bei Lu

This paper uses the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS) data to investigate the net impact on the old age household income inequality when the new rural pension plan is in place. Logit and OLS analysis are used to estimate the changes of the probability and value of family transfers when other variables change.

Results indicate that net private transfers are in most cases uncorrelated with household income, suggesting that the current public transfer (the new rural pension) will not crowd out private transfers. Based on these findings, Gini index simulations are employed to compare income inequality with and without rural public pension.

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